What are the types of Motherboard?
The motherboard is the name given to the circuit board that connects all the parts of the computer. There are card processors on the motherboard to ensure this compatibility. There are slots on the motherboards that the processor, ram, Ethernet, TV card, SCSI card can enter. These processors, known as chipsets, are as effective as CPUs in the performance of the computer. Even if some motherboards have the same chipsets, the amount of cache on the motherboards causes the computer\’s operating performance to change.
The difference in motherboards manifests itself in many structures such as motherboard dimensions, socket structures, screw locations, number of ports, panel connectors. Below are the types of motherboards.
XT motherboards were used in the first personal computers for 8086 and 8088 processors. In case of a problem with the processor, the main disadvantage was the complete replacement of the motherboard. The size of XT motherboards is 215mm x 330mm.
AT motherboards have been used since 1982, after XT motherboards. They are similar in form to ATX motherboards. AGP, ISA, PCI are used as a bus in their structure. There is no PS/2 connection structure. It is possible to replace the processor. AT motherboard, dimensions are 350mm x 305mm.
ATX motherboards have much more input and output connection support than their predecessors do. It is the most widely used type of motherboard today.
Mini ATX Motherboard:
Mini ATX motherboards are used in systems that require low power consumption. Since the power consumption is low, the heat generated due to the operation is also less. Therefore, it is the most miniature form of the ATX motherboard.
Flex ATX Motherboard:
Flex ATX motherboards are the motherboard with the most diminutive dimensions of the ATX form after Mini ATX. However, generally, computer power supplies (Power Supply) made for use in Flex ATX cases are used.
Micro ATX(mATX) Motherboard:
Micro ATX motherboards, also known as mATX motherboards, launched in December 1997. Some users also call this form of ATX micro motherboard. Micro ATX(mATX) and Standard ATX have the same I/O ports. In terms of chipset, they are the same as Standard ATX. The only difference is that it has fewer expansion slots due to its small size.
Standard ATX motherboards are the most preferred motherboard type by computer users. Intel Company developed it in 1995. As a result, they have replaced AT motherboards.
Extended ATX(EATX) Motherboard:
Extended ATX, also known as EATX motherboards, have much larger dimensions than Standard ATX forms. They support a fast and performance processor structure. This dual-processor motherboard model is also suitable for multiple graphics card connections. Extended ATX has numerous expansion slots and RAM slots.
Workstation ATX(WTX) Motherboard:
Workstation ATX, also known as WTX, is the computer motherboard used in systems where high-end performance is desired. It is the most extensive form of the ATX motherboard. For this reason, it can host many hardware cards such as multiple processors, RAM, video cards. Workstation ATX is approximately two times the size of Standard ATX.
On BTX motherboards, Major changes have occurred in the power management of the computer system, the processor cooling system, and the placement of various hardware units. The primary purpose of producing this type of motherboard is to cool the scorching parts, such as the processor. BTX motherboards have dimensions of 325mm x 267mm.
Micro BTX(267mm x 267mm) and Pico BTX(203mm x 267mm) are rarely used motherboard types.
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